The story of London beagan nearly 2,000 years ago when it was part of the great Roman Empire. At that time it was a small town on the Thames at a place where it was easy to get across the river. Its Roman name was Londinium. Today London is a big city,the capital of England and the United Kingdom.Since it is a very old city there are many beautiful old buildings. some of them are well known. For example the city has several royal places: Westminster Palace where the Houses of Parliament now meet, St. James Palace where English kings lived in the 17th and 18th centuries,Buckingham Palace where the royal family lives today. There are also may fine churches. The best known are Westminster Abbey the coronation Church of England since the 11th century,and St Paul’s Cathedral (1710.)
Visitors to London often have their own ideas about what they want to see. Many will want to go the Tower of London and see the beautiful crown jewels. some will go to Madame Tussaud’s Waxworks and see wax figures of famous people: the most popular attraction here is the Chamber of Horrors. some will want to take a boat ride on the Thames. A few will go to Hyde Park where people can get up on a box and speak about different problems. Most people have seen many pictures of London and read about city in books so it is no surprise that they often have a list of things they want to see and do long before they ever visit the city.